Volume 22, Issue 3
EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC INTERVENTION IN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER TO ADAPTATION OF SELF VALUATION
The present research was developed at University Hospital ""Celestino Hernández Robau"", from January to december of 2011. The aim was to assess the effectiveness of a psychotherapeutic intervention to increase the self-valuation and to attenuate the negative emotional states (anxiety and depression) of breast-cancer patients with therapeutic treatment. It was used a mixed paradigm with a cuasi- experimental design based on a pre-test and post-test. The sample was selected aleatory, it was formed by 60 patients, divided in 30 for the Study Group and the rest for the Control Group.The psychological variables studied were the psychotherapeutic intervention, self-valuation, anxiety, depression and the effectiveness of the intervention. It was used a structured psychological interview, participant observation, Dumbo-Rubinstein scale, surveys, whose results were valuated quantitatively throughout techniques and charts comprised in the statistic package SPSS 13.0 and qualitatively, throughout the content`s analysis. The final results show a prevalence of an inadequate self-valuation or sub-valuation and high levels of anxiety and depression as state in both groups in the pre-test stage. The Study Group, after the intervention shows differences in the behavior of each studied category, prevailing an adequate self-valuation, while in the Control Group similar results were obtained. Finally there was a higher level of satisfaction in patients and doctors about the intervention, which enabled the possibility of verifying the effectiveness of the psychotherapeutic intervention.
Effectiveness, psychotherapeutic intervention, self-valuation, emotional states, breast-cancer, chemotherapeutic treatment